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In this chapter, you will learn how to log on to the typical bulletin board.

It will also show you how to set up user ID, look around, use BBSes, and

then log off.

Finding A BBS

To avoid paying a lot while you experiment with BBSes, you should only call

local BBSes until you get the hang of it. It doesn't really matter what

time you call them; most of them operate around the clock, 7 days a week.

As you learn how to find a BBS, you will learn how to choose the ones that

you wish to contact.

If you have friends who use BBSes,then you should ask them to recommend to

you a BBS that you would like. They will know which ones are good and which

ones aren't. You can also go to your local computer store and ask them

if they have list of local BBSes. Most likely they do, and will be happy

to give you one. You can also look for computer magazines that will often

list nationwide BBSes, if you look around, they are not hard to find.

Before you contact a BBS, you will need to know its baud rate, the number

of stop bits, and the parity. If you are working with a list of BBSes, then

they will have these items listed along with the BBS number. It will look

something like: 12/24/9600-8-1-N. All that this means is that it will

operate on 1200-2400- or 9600-baud with 8 bits, 1 stop bit, and has No

parity. A lot of BBSes are upgrading to 9600-bps, and you will probably

not find any that run on 300.

Calling A BBS

Once you have decided on a BBS to call, you are ready to start. Get into

your communications program and then dial the phone number of the BBS. If

you need directions, look in the program's help screen.


If the BBS number didn't list parameters, then go with the standard ones:

2400-baud, 8 bits, 1 stop bit, and NO parity.

Note: If your software has screen capture, then you will need to make

sure you turn it on before you log on. This will allow you to save every

thing so you can view it after you log off.

Dial the Number

You will now need to dial the BBS number. Most BBSes are busy a lot. You

might have to try for a while before you get through. But, keep trying;

you will get through.

If your modem has a speaker, you will be able to hear the busy signal. As

soon as it rings, you can get ready to log on. When you get through, you

will hear a high-pitched tone. This will tell you that your modem is trying

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to match parameters with the other modems. As soon as the modems decide on

a speed to talk at, the speaker will shut off. More than likely, at this

point you will see the word CONNECT on your screen.

If the BBS doesn't display information right off, then you will need to

press ENTER a time or two. Some BBSes wait for you to acknowledge the

connection before they talk to you. If your screen still doesn't show

anything, you probably have trouble on the line. If not, you are ready to



User Verification

You will probably have to wait a little while before you are allowed full

access to the BBS. They will probably make you wait about a week for

verification. They will probably call you to make sure everything is

correct and that you are who you say you are. As soon as they have

verified this information, you will be allowed full access. Until you have

been verified, you will probably only be able to read and enter messages.

Different BBSes will verify you in various ways. Some will turn around and

call you immediately. Others will make you send in a copy of your driver's

license and your password. Still others will ask you what your modem's

phone number is, and they will call your computer right back and have you

type in your password, and then you are verified.


What? Give them money? Yes, many sysops will frequently ask users to

donate to the BBS. It does cost money to have one. Many BBSes are shut

down because the sysop can't afford to keep it in operation. Making monthly

donations will help make sure that it remains in operation.

Sometimes the sysop will ask for money for certain projects. They may want

money to increase file space for messages, as well as faster modems. When

you donate money, you will usually get a thank-you from the sysop. They

might give you more time on the BBS, or they might even make you an

assistant (if you donate frequently).


Access Fees

You will find that about 10% of all BBSes will require you to pay for your

on-line privileges. The cost depends on what BBS you are on, and how much

they want to charge. Most of the ones that charge will be the ones that

cater specifically to one interest.

BBSes, unless they are run as a business, usually don't break even. They

have to pay about $20 per line. They usually have about 5 lines, so that

is $100. They have to charge a little, and they still need donations to

try to come close to even.

You will not have to pay for access fees when you first log on. If they

try to get you to, it is not worth it. Most will let you have a free

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"trial" period. You can explore the different files and find out if it

is something that you want to get into. REMEMBER, JUST BECAUSE YOU PAID


You shouldn't pay for access until you are sure you want to use the BBS.

Make sure that you are comfortable with logging on and off with ease. By

the time that you feel comfortable with the BBS and the way it works, you

should be able to make an informed decision on whether or not you want to

pay membership fees.














































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